Kyoto, surrounded by gracefully wooded hills and mirrored by 1200 years' history, was the capital of Japan from 794 to 1868 AD. In addition to beautiful Imperial Villas, Kyoto has about 400 Shinto shrines and 1,650 Buddhist temples which dot the entire city. Innumerable cultural treasures and traditional crafts attract visitors to Kyoto, both from within and without Japan. Today, the city of Kyoto is also a bustling academic city that is young-at-heart, with nearly 50 institutions of higher education, and a home to many world-class corporate research giants. The spirit of Kyoto lies in the unique blend of old and new, taking the best of the old and applying them to the future.